The mastic trees are the trademark of Chios and the main source of income for many residents of the island. Its cultivation started in ancient times and they produce a rare resin that is largely exported. The mastic trees of Chios provide a resin that comes out from their bark in the shape of teardrops. This resin is used to improve digestion, oral health, and liver health. It contains antioxidants that are said to support its therapeutic properties.
It is not very clear when the cultivation of these trees on the island started, but it is known that Herodotus was the first to notice their resin, around the 5th century BC. Although mastic trees grow all over the Mediterranean, the special variety that grows in Chios and Cesme (Pistacia lentiscus var.chia) is the only one that produces natural resin or mastic.
Why Should We Save Mastic Trees in Cesme?
Mastic trees live more than 100 years. They are almost immortal.
There are about 2 million mastic trees in Chios, but less than thousand in Cesme 90% of them being saplings..
Remaining empty lands are being occupied for real estate purposes therefore, limiting the places for trees and agriculture in Cesme.
We are aiming to raise environmental awareness and give the mastic tree the value it has well deserved. Future generations certainly deserve a greener and more sustainable world.